Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography | चन्द्रशेखर आजाद की जीवनी

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography | चन्द्रशेखर आजाद की जीवनी

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography | चन्द्रशेखर आजाद की जीवनी

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography | चन्द्रशेखर आजाद की जीवनी

The early life of Chandrashekhar Azad

Chandrasekhar Azad was born on 23 July 1906 in Bhabra village (now Chandrashekhar Azadnagar) (present-day Alirajpur District).

His ancestors were from Badarka (present Unna district). Azad’s father Pandit Sitaram Tiwari, in 1956, left his native place Badarka in the early days of famine and worked for some days in the state of Madhya Pradesh, Alirajpur, and then settled in Bhabra village.

Here child Chandra Shekhar’s childhood has passed. His mother’s name was Zakor Devi. Azad’s early life was spent in the Baba village in tribal Bahluliya area and childhood, Azad launched a bow arrow with Bhil children.
Chandrasekhar was born in a fanatic Sanatan Dhamma Brahmin family. Their father was righteous, righteous and devout, and there was no ego of pedanticness in them.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

They were very self-respecting and kind preachers. He had spent days in grave poverty, and for this reason, Chandra Shekhar did not get a good education, but he had learned from Manoherlal Trivedi, a senior man from the village, who taught him free at home.

From childhood, Chandrasekhar’s feeling of liberating Bharatmata was full of the rift. That is why they had kept their name free.

An event in his life led him to the path of revolution forever. On 13th April 1919, the public protest against the massacre of General Dyer in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar and against the Rowlatt Act, was getting increasingly intense day by day.

Azad was a staunch patriot. Since he was fleeing in Kakori Kand, he had learned to make a generation of a sadhu for hiding and used it many times.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

Once, to raise money for the group, he also remained a disciple near a dying man of Ghazipur, so that after his death, the property of the monastery might be his hand.

But when he came to know that the sadhus were not dying after reaching them, but they started getting more stubborn, they came back. Often all the revolutionaries were very influenced by the revolutionary stories of Russia in those days, but they were more pleasurable than listening to others rather than reading themselves.

Once he went to Bombay for the formation of the crew, he also saw many movies there. At that time silent films were just prevalent, so they were not particularly attracted to the cinema.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

Education of Chandrasekhar Azad

The early education of Chandrashekhar started at home. He had no particular affection in studies.

His father, P. Manohar Lal Trivedi, was a close friend of his father. He used to teach them and his brother (Sukhdev) the teaching work and used to make a mistake even after using the cane.

Chandrashekhar’s parents wanted him to be a Sanskrit scholar, but when he came to class four, his mind had become convinced to run away from home.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

They just kept exploring opportunities to escape from home. In the meantime, Manoharlal ji put a simple job in his tehsil so that his mind would move away from the other things and there would also be some financial help from the house.

But Shekhar’s mind was not in the job. They just kept thinking about leaving the job. Within them, the spark of love of the country was drying.

The spark was slowly taking the form of fire, and they used to stay away from the house. On one of the convenient occasions, Azad fled home.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

Chandrasekhar Azad revolutionary life

In 1922 when Gandhiji had ousted Chandrasekhar from the Non-Cooperation Movement, he became free and angry.

Then he met Yuva Krantikari Pradesh Chatterjee who met him with Ram Prasad Bismil, who founded the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), it was a revolutionary institution.

When Azad placed his hand on a lantern and did not remove it until his skin was burned, after seeing Azad, he was very impressed.

After this Chandrashekhar Azad became an active member of the Hindustan Republic Association and was continuously mobilizing donations for his association.

He had deposited most of the money by the looted government Tijerina. They wanted to create a new India based on social elements.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

Azad had made Jhansi the center of his revolutionary activities for a while.

On 15 km from Jhansi, he used to practice shooting in the forest of Orchha.

He used to train other members of his team to shoot. He also built a hut near the Hanuman temple, situated on the banks of the river Satar.

On Independence, Pandit Harishankar had lived for a long time in the company of Brahmachari and used to teach the children of nearby village Dhimarpura.

For this reason, he had made good relations with the local people. Madhya Pradesh government named Azad after the name of Azad in the name of Azadpura.

The Hindustan Republican Association was founded in 1924 by Bismil, Chatterjee, China Chandra Sanyal, and Sachindra Nath Bakshi.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

After the Kakori Kand in 1925, the British had curbed the revolutionary activity. In this case, Ramprasad Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan, Thakur Roshan Singh, and Rajendranath Lahiri were sentenced to death.

Chandrashekhar Azad, Keshav Chakraborty, and Murari Sharma escaped from this prison.

aChandrashekhar Azad later reconstituted the Hindustan Republican Association with the help of some revolutionaries.

Chandrashekhar Azad, a close associate of Bhagwati Charan Vohra who converted the Hindustan Republican Association into the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association with the help of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev in 1928.

Now his theory was the primary objective of getting independence on the principle of socialism.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

Chandrasekhar Azad, after the postponement of the non-cooperation movement, was attracted to more aggressive and revolutionary ideas.

They committed themselves to liberate the country at any cost.

Chandrashekhar Azad, along with his colleagues, targeted British officers who were known for their oppressive policies against ordinary people and freedom fighters.

Chandrashekhar Azad Kakori train dacoity (1926), an attempt to blow the train of the Viceroy (1926), and in Lahore, was involved in events such as Saunders shot (1928) to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.

There was a cold night of December, and there was no bed for laying Chandra Shekhar Azad, because the police had thought that this boy would be frightened by the cold and would apologize, but it did not happen.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

To see what the boy is doing, and perhaps he would have been cold, the Inspector opened the lock of Chandrasekhar’s closet at midnight, then he was surprised to see that Chandrashekhar was holding a meeting – and in that very cold also They were bathing with sweat.

On the second day, Chandra Shekhar Azad was taken to court in front of the magistrate. In those days, a very strict Magistrate was appointed in Benaras.

The police presented the 15-year-old Chandrashekhar in front of the same English magistrate. The magistrate asked the child: “Your name?” The boy boldly replied – “Azad.” “Father’s name?” – The magistrate asked in a loud voice:

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

The high-necked child immediately answered – “Swadhin” Judging by the anger of the young man, the excitement was full of rage.

He again asked: – “Where is your house?” Chandrasekhar proudly replied – “prison cell” In the anger, the judge punished Chandrasekhar with 15 canes.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

Death of Chandrasekhar Azad

Azad died on February 27, 1931, in Alfred Park, Allahabad. After getting information from the experts, the British police surrounded Azad and his colleagues all around.

While defending himself, he was seriously injured, and he also killed many police officers. Chandrasekhar was bravely facing the British army, and for this reason, Sukhdev Raj also managed to escape from there.

After long lasting firing, Azad finally wanted that he could not see the British, and when the last shot was shot in the pistol, he had killed the previous bullet himself. Chandrasekhar Azad’s gun that we see in the Allahabad Museum today.

 madhypradesh ki jalvayu part 2


 madhypradesh ki jalvayu part 2



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