Charan Singh Biography | चौधरी चरण सिंह की जीवनी

Charan Singh Biography | चौधरी चरण सिंह की जीवनी

Charan Singh Biography

Charan Singh Biography

The early life of Chaudhary Charan Singh

Chaudhary Charan Singh was born on December 23, 1902, in a farmer family in Noorpur village of United Provinces (present-day Uttar Pradesh).

His family belonged to King Nahar Singh of Ballabhgarh, who had made a unique contribution in the revolution of 1887.

The British government had given Nahar Singh a death sentence in the Chandni Chowk in Delhi. To escape the atrocities of the British, Nahar’s supporters and Chaudhary Charan Singh’s grandfather fled in Bulandshahr district of Uttar Pradesh.

Charan Singh Biography

Chaudhary Charan Singh received an academic environment from the beginning, due to which he had an additional trend towards education.

His primary education took place in Noorpur, and after that matriculation, he got admission in Government High School in Meerut.

In 1923, Charan Singh graduated in science, and two years later, in the year 1925, he passed the Post Graduate Examination in Art.

After this, he studied law from Agra University, and after passing the law’s examination, he started prosecution in Ghaziabad in 1928.

During his advocacy, he was known for his honesty, cleanliness and dutifulness. Chaudhary Charan Singh used to accept the same lawsuits in which the client’s side seemed to be justified.

Charan Singh Biography

Charan Singh Biography

Chaudhary Charan Singh’s political life

After the Lahore Convention of Congress (1929), he formed a Congress Committee in Ghaziabad and during the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930, he was sentenced to 6 months by breaking the ‘salt law’.

After being released from jail, he devoted himself entirely to the freedom struggle of the country.

In 1937, at the age of 34, he was elected to the Vidhan Sabha from Chaproli (Baghpat) and presented a bill in the assembly to protect the rights of the farmers.

This bill was related to the inversion of the crops produced by the farmers. After this, the law was adopted by all the states of India.

Charan Singh Biography

In 1940, Charan Singh was arrested in ‘Personal Satyagraha’ by Gandhiji, after which he was released in October 1941.

There was dissatisfaction throughout the country during 1942, and Mahatma Gandhi had called ‘Do or Die’ through the ‘Quit India’ movement.

During this phase, Charan Singh went underground and started the secret revolutionary organisation in villages like Ghaziabad, Hapur, Meerut, Mawana, Sarath, Bulandshahr etc.

The police were lying behind Charan Singh, and finally, they were arrested. The British government sentenced them to one and a half year sentence. In prison, he wrote a book entitled ‘Manners’.

Charan Singh Biography

After Chaudhary Charan Singh Independence

Chaudhary Charan Singh opposed the economic reforms based on the Soviet method of Nehru as he believed that cultivation of cooperative system could not be successful in India.

Charan Singh, who had relations with a farmer’s family, believed that the farmer’s land could have progressed only due to the right to land.

It is believed that the opposition of Nehru’s principles had its impact on political career.

Charan Singh Biography

After the country’s independence, Charan Singh was elected to the state assembly by winning the Legislative Assembly elections in 1952, 1962 and 1967.

In the Government of Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant, he was made a ‘Parliamentary Secretary’. In this role, he discharged his responsibilities in departments like Revenue, Justice, Information, Medical and Health etc.

In 1951, he was given the post of Cabinet Minister in Uttar Pradesh Government under which he took over the responsibility of the Department of Justice and Information.

In 1952, he was given the responsibility of revenue and agriculture department in the government of Doctor Sampurnananda.

Charan Singh was also a farmer by nature, so he has been continuously trying for the interests of the farmers. When Chandrabhanu Gupta became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1960, he was given the Agriculture Ministry.

Charan Singh Biography

Charan Singh left Congress party in 1967 and established a new political party ‘Indian Kranti Dal’.

With the help of leaders like Raj Narayan and Ram Manohar Lohia, he formed a government in Uttar Pradesh and became chief minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1967 and 1970.

In 1975, Indira Gandhi declared an emergency in the country and put all political opponents, including Charan Singh, in jail.

Indira Gandhi was defeated in the elections of 1977, which happened after the Emergency and under the leadership of Morarji Desai, the ‘Janta Party’ government formed. Charan Singh was the Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister in this Government.

Charan Singh Biography

Chaudhary Charan Singh as Prime Minister

Morarji Desai’s government fell due to mutual discord in the Janata Party, after which Phani Singh took oath as prime minister on July 28, 1979, with the support of Congress and CPI.

President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy gave him time till August 20 to prove his majority, but Indira Gandhi withdrew his support on August 19, thus without even facing Parliament, Chaudhary Charan Singh resigned from the post of Prime Minister. Chaudhary Charan Singh died on 29/05/1987.

 madhypradesh ki jalvayu part 2

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 madhypradesh ki jalvayu part 2

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