Jawaharlal Nehru biography | जवाहरलाल नेहरू की जीवनी


Jawaharlal Nehru biography | जवाहरलाल नेहरू की जीवनी

Jawaharlal Nehru biography

Jawaharlal Nehru biography

Full Name – Jawaharlal Motilal Nehru
Date of Birth – November 14, 1889
Birthplace – Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh)
Father – Motilal Nehru
Mother Nature – Nehru
Wife – Kamala Nehru (1916)
Children – Mr Mati Indira Gandhi Ji
Education – Degree editing from Trinity College of the University of Cambridge in 1910. In 1912, ‘Inner Temple’ was edited by the London College Barrister Barrister.
Wife – Kamala Nehru (1916)
Death – 27 May 1964, New Delhi
The cause of death – heart attack
Awards – Bharat Ratna (1955)
Prime Minister’s post – India’s first Prime Minister (15 August 1947 – 27 May 1964)

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the leading leaders in the Independence Movement. He became the first Prime Minister of India after independence.

Jawaharlal Nehru is known as the creator of modern India. He used to love children very much, and the children were called to love Chacha Nehru.

The early life of Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889. His father Motilal Nehru was a renowned lawyer from Allahabad.

Jawaharlal Nehru’s mother was named as Rani. Jawaharlal Nehru was the only son of Motilal Nehru.

Apart from Jawaharlal Nehru, there were three daughters of Motilal Nehru. Nehru was Saraswat Brahmin of the Kashmiri descent.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

Jawaharlal Nehru received education from some of the world’s best schools and universities.

He did his studies with Harrow and completed the degree of Law from Trinity College, Cambridge. In England

He spent seven years thereby developing a rational outlook for the Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism there.

Jawaharlal Nehru biography

Jawaharlal Nehru’s career

Jawaharlal Nehru returned to India in 1912 and started the advocacy. He married Kamala Nehru in 1916.

Jawaharlal Nehru joined the Home Rule League in 1917. His real initiation in politics came two years later in 1919 when he came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi.

At that time Mahatma Gandhi started a campaign against the Rule Act. Nehru was attracted to Mahatma Gandhi’s active but peaceful, civil disobedience movement.

Gandhiji himself saw a ray of hope and the future of India in young Jawaharlal Nehru.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

The Nehru family embraced themselves according to the initiatives given by Mahatma Gandhi.

Jawaharlal and Motilal Nehru abandoned western clothes and expensive property. They started wearing a Khadi kurta and Gandhi cap.

Jawaharlal Nehru took an active part in the non-cooperation movement in 1920-1922 and was arrested for the first time during this period. He was released after a few months.

Jawaharlal Nehru was elected president of Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924 and served for two years as Chief Executive Officer of the city.

It later proved to be a valuable administrative experience for him when he became the Prime Minister of the country.

He used his term for public education, health care and expansion of cleanliness.

In 1926, he resigned because of lack of cooperation from the British authorities.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

From 1926 to 1928, Jawaharlal served as the General Secretary of All India Congress Committee.

In 1928-29, the annual session of the Congress was held under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru.

In that session, Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose supported the demand for full political independence while Motilal Nehru and other leaders wanted the dominated state within the British Empire.

For the solution of this issue, Gandhi took the middle path and said that Britain would be given two years to provide India with state status.

If not, then Congress will start a national movement for full political independence.

Nehru and Bose demanded that this time is reduced to one year. The British government did not respond to it.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

In December 1929, the annual session of the Congress was held in Lahore in which Jawaharlal Nehru was elected President of the Congress Party. During this same session, a resolution was passed which demanded ‘Full Swaraj’ and Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the flag of independent India on 26 January 1930 in Lahore.

Gandhiji also called the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. The movement was very successful, and it forced the British government to accept the need for major political reforms.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

When the British Government promulgated the Act of 1935, the Congress Party decided to contest the elections.

Nehru stayed out of the election but loudly launched a nationwide campaign for the party. The Congress formed governments in almost every province and won the highest number of seats in the Central Assembly.

Nehru was elected to the post of President of Congress in 1936, 1937 and 1946 and became the second leader after Gandhiji in the nationalist movement.

He was arrested in 1942 during the Quit India Movement in 1945 and was just left.

In 1947, he played an essential role in the talks with the British government on the issue of partition and independence of India and Pakistan.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

In 1947, he became the first Prime Minister of Independent India. He effectively met the challenges of large-scale migration on the new border with Pakistan, the integration of 500 princely states in the Indian Union, the formation of a new constitution, the establishment of political and administrative structures for parliamentary democracy.

Jawaharlal Nehru played an essential role in the development of India. He formed Planning Commission, encouraged the progress of science and technology and launched three consecutive three-year plans.

Due to their policies, a new era of agriculture and industry started in the country. Nehru played a vital role in the development of India’s foreign policy. Jawaharlal Nehru, together with Tito and Nasser, formed a non-alignment movement for the end of colonialism in Asia and Africa.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

They have been in the role of mediator in the solution of other international problems like ending the Korean War, resolving the Suez Canal dispute and conveying the services of India and global police system for the Congo Agreement.

Having worked behind the curtains to solve many other vital issues such as West Berlin, Austria and Laos, they also made significant contributions.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

Nehru could not improve India’s relations with Pakistan and China. The Kashmir issue in reaching an agreement with Pakistan and border disputes in friendship with China proved to be the path of the path.

In 1962, China invaded India, in which Nehru failed to predict. It was a significant setback for them, and perhaps their death was also due to this. Jawaharlal Nehru suffered a heart attack on May 27, 1964, due to which he died.

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