Lal Bahadur Shastri biography | लाल बहादुर शास्त्री की जीवनी


Lal Bahadur Shastri biography in English

Lal Bahadur Shastri biography

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

Full name – Lal Bahadur Sharadprasad Shrivastav
Birth – 2 October 1904
Birthplace – Muglasarai (V. Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh)
Father – Sharda Prasad
Mother – Ramdulari Devi
Education – The title of ‘Shastri’ with the subject ‘Philosophy’ from Kashi University
Marriage – With Lalita Devi

 

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of independent India. Despite being small in physical stature, he was also a great man of courage and will.

During the war of 1965 with Pakistan, he successfully led the country. To unite the country during the war, he gave a slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan.”

Before independence, he also played an essential role in the freedom movement. He lived his life with great simplicity and honesty and became the source of inspiration for all the citizens.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

The early life of Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2 October 1904 in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh. Her father was Sharda Prasad and mother Ramdulari Devi.

Lal Bahadur’s nickname was Srivastava, but he changed it because he did not want to cast his caste.

Lal Bahadur’s father was a teacher in a school, and later he became a clerk in Allahabad’s Income Tax Department.

Despite being poor, the Sharda administration was known for their honesty and Sharafat. Lal Bahadur was only one year old when his father died.

After that Ramdulari Devi raised Lal Bahadur and his two daughters at his father’s house.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

An amusing incident happened when Lal Bahadur was six years old. One day while returning home from school, Lal Bahadur and his friends went to a mango garden which fell on their way home.

Their friends climbed the tree to break a common break while the Lal Bahadur stood still. In the meantime, the gardener came and grabbed Lal Bahadur and started scolding him.

The boy Lal Bahadur requested the gardener that he is an orphan, so leave him.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

Describing mercy on the child, the gardener said, “Since you are an orphan, it is most necessary that you learn better conduct,” these words left a deep impression on them, and they vowed to do better in the future.
Lal Bahadur stayed at his grandfather’s house till the age of 10. Till then, he passed the class six exam. He went to Varanasi to get a higher education.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

Lal Bahadur Shastri’s political life

Lal Bahadur Shastri was only 17 years old when Mahatma Gandhi initiated the non-cooperation movement against the British government in 1921.

When Mahatma Gandhi called upon the youth to come out of government schools and colleges, offices, and courts and criticize everything for freedom, then they left their school.

Although their mothers and relatives suggested not to do this, they remained firm on their decision.

Lal Bahadur was also arrested during the Non-Cooperation Movement, but he was released due to his early age.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

After leaving the jail, Lal Bahadur studied philosophy for four years at Kashi Vidyapeeth. Lal Bahadur got the title of “Shastri” in the year 1926.

After leaving Kashi University, he joined “The Sants of the Peoples Society,” which was started by Lala Lajpat Rai in 1921.

The main aim of this society was to train the youth who were ready to dedicate themselves to the service of the country.

Lal Bahadur Shastri married Lalita Devi in ​​1927. Marriage rituals are quite simple.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

In 1930, Gandhi called for the Civil Disobedience Movement, and Lal Bahadur also joined this movement and motivated the people not to pay the government revenue and taxes.

He was arrested and sent to jail for two and a half years. In prison, he became acquainted with the works of Western philosophers, revolutionaries, and social reformers.

He was a very self-respecting person. Once he was in jail, one of his daughters became seriously ill.

The officials agreed to release him for some time on the condition that he should write down that he will not participate in any freedom movement during this time.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

Although Lal Bahadur was not willing to participate in the freedom movement during his release for some time from jail, he said he would not write it down. He believed that giving in writing was against his self-esteem.

After the start of World War II in 1939, in the year 1940, Congress started “a mass movement” to demand independence.

Lal Bahadur Shastri was arrested during the mass movement and released after one year.

On August 8, 1942, Gandhiji called for the Quit India Movement. He actively participated in this movement. During this time, he became underground but later arrested, and again in 945, he was released with other prominent leaders.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

In 1946, during the provincial elections, he strongly influenced Pandit Govinda Vallabh Pant.

Lal Bahadur’s administrative ability and organization skills emerged during this time. Jabgovind Vallabh Pant became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh when he appointed Lal Bahadur as parliamentary secretary. Shastri Pant became the Minister of Police and Transport in the Cabinet in 1947.

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the general secretary of the Congress party when the first general elections were held after the Republic of India was formed.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

Congress Party won elections with a vast majority. In 1952, Jawaharlal Nehru appointed Lal Bahadur Shastri as Union Minister of Railways and Minister of Transport.

Lal Bahadur Shastri’s contribution cannot be forgotten in providing more facilities to travelers in third class coaches.

He reduced the gap between the first class and third class in the railway. In 1956, Lal Bahadur Shastri resigned from the post of a minister while taking the moral responsibility of a railway accident.

Jawaharlal Nehru tried very hard to convince Shastriji, but Lal Bahadur Shastri remained firm on his decision.

With his work, Lal Bahadur Shastri established a new standard of ethics in public life.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

When the Congress came back to power in the next general elections, Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Minister of Transport and Communications and later Commerce and Industry Minister.

In 1961, after the death of Govind Vallabh Pant, he became the Home Minister. During the Indo-China war in 1962, Shastriji played an essential role in maintaining the internal security of the country.

Lal Bahadur Shastri was elected the Prime Minister of India in 1964 after the future post of Jawaharlal Nehru.

It was a difficult time, and the country was struggling with significant challenges. There was a shortage of foodgrain in the country, and Pakistan was causing a problem on the security front.

In 1965, Pakistan attacked India. Lal Bahadur Shastri, who has a gentle nature, led the nation with his cleverness and cleverness on this occasion.

To encourage the soldiers and the farmers, they gave a slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan.” Pakistan faced defeat in the war and Shastri’s leadership was praised.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography

In January 1966, talks between Lal Bahadur Shastri and Ayub Khan were held in Tashkent for peace talks between India and Pakistan.

India and Pakistan signed a joint declaration under Russian mediation. Under the treaty, India agreed to return all the territories captured during the war to return to Pakistan.

The joint declaration was signed on January 10, 1966, and Lal Bahadur Shastri passed away due to a heart attack that night.

 madhypradesh ki jalvayu part 2

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