PV Narasimha Rao Biography | पी वी नरसिंहराव की जीवनी

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

The early life of P.V. Narasimha Rao

PV Narasimha Rao was born on June 28, 1921, in Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh, in an ordinary family.

His father P. Ranga Rao and Mata Rukminima were agriculturists. Rao eclipsed his primary education by staying in the house of one of his relatives in Katkuru village of Bhimdevarapalli Mandal of Karimnagar district.

After this, he graduated from Osmania University and studied law from Hellop College under Nagpur University.

Rao’s mother tongue was Telugu, but he had a firm hold on the Marathi language too.

Besides eight Indian languages ​​(Telugu, Tamil, Marathi, Hindi, Sanskrit, Oriya, Bengali, and Gujarati), they were proficient in speaking English, French, Arabic, Spanish, German and Persian.

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

Political career of P.V. Narasimha Rao

Narasimha Rao was an active worker during the Indian independence movement, and after the independence, Congress joined the party.

After coming to politics, Rao first took charge of several important departments in Andhra Pradesh and later in the Central Government.

He was Minister of Law and Information in the Government of Andhra Pradesh from 1962 to 64, Law and Law Minister from 1964 to 67, Minister of Health and Medicine in 1967 and Education Minister from 1968 to 1971.

Narasimha Rao was also the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh State from 1971 to 1973.

He was a member of the Lok Sabha from Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly and from 1977 to 1984, from 1957 to 1977, and was elected to the eighth Lok Sabha from Ramtek seat in December 1984.

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

Rao, who has gained experience in various departments and ministries at the state level, also worked on several important posts in the Central Government.

Due to his varied experience in politics, he was given the responsibility of ministries like Home, Defense and Foreign Ministry in the Central Government.

Narsingh Rao, Minister of External Affairs from January 14, 1980, to July 18, 1984, was the Home Minister from July 19, 1984, to December 31, 1984, and Defense Minister of India from December 31, 1984, to September 25, 1985.

He also served as the Minister of Human Resource Development in the Central Government.

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

It is believed that in 1982, along with Giani Zail Singh, his name was considered for president.

Rao took almost sannyas from active politics around 1991, but after the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, his fate broke, and he became the focal point of Indian politics.

In the 1991 Lok Sabha elections, the Congress party won the most seats but could not get the full majority.

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

After this Narasimha Rao was given the responsibility of running a minority government. Thus, outside the Rao Nehru-Gandhi family, some first such persons worked as prime ministers for five full years.

He was also the first South-Indian Prime Minister. He removed a tradition from a non-political Manmohan Singh as the Finance Minister of the country.

He created Subramanian Swamy of the Opposition as the Chairman of the ‘Workers’ Criteria and International Trade’ Commission – this was the first time in the history of Indian politics when a member of the opposition was given the rank of cabinet rank.

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

Role in Economic Reform of P.V. Narasimha Rao

When Narasimha Rao became the Prime Minister of India in 1991, the country’s economic situation was terrible at that time. There was a huge challenge before them, but they solved the problem of this dangerous situation with their discretion.

He handed over the responsibility of the finance minister to the finance minister and took the country into a new economic cycle.

Implementation of foreign investment, capital markets, current trade arrangements, and domestic business sectors. His government’s goal was to control inflation, privatize the public sector and to increase investment in the infrastructure sector.

He also reformed the industrial licensing system and kept only 18 critical industries in it. The result of their economic reforms was that foreign investment in the country increased very rapidly.

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

National Security and Foreign Policy

During Rao’s tenure, many important things happened in the field of national security and foreign policy.

During this time, the missile and nuclear program gained momentum, which resulted in the 1998 Vajpayee government being able to conduct nuclear tests.

Keeping given Pakistan and China, they increased the military strength of the country and terrorism was eliminated in Punjab during their tenure.

They effectively face the incidents of terrorism and kidnapping by the terrorists.

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

In the field of foreign policy, he tried to improve relations with Western Europe, China, and America and gave a new direction to Indo-Israel relations.

During this time, Israel opened its embassy in India’s capital Delhi. He launched the ‘Look East’ policy, which resulted in India’s proximity to the ASEAN countries.

Rao’s crisis management was highly appreciated after the 1993 bomb blasts.

Babri Masjid Kaand

Another famous incident of Narasimha Rao’s tenure was the demolition of the Babri Masjid. The Babri Masjid (which was built by the first Mughal ruler Shashak Babar) of Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, collapsed on 6 December 1992 by a crowd of thousands of people. According to Hindu belief, Lord Rama was born here. Following this incident, riots took place in many places in the country in which thousands of people were killed.

Allegations of corruption on P V Narasimha Rao

Rao was accused of saving his minority government by giving bribe to the general public, and the lower court acquitted him for three years in 2001, while convicting him guilty. The High Court acquitted him.

PV Narasimha Rao Biography

In another case, Rao was accused of having KK Tiwari, Chandraswami and K.N. Together with Agarwal, trying to trap Ajay Singh, son of former Prime Minister VP Singh, into a black money case through a fake bank document. Later the court acquitted him.

Rao’s name came in the case of fraud with a non-resident Indian Lakkhubhai Pathak. In 2003, the court acquitted him in this case too.

PV Narasimha Rao passes away

On December 9, 2004, Rao had a heart attack and soon after he was admitted to the All India Institute of Medical Science and died 14 days after recruiting at 83 years of age.

His family wanted his last rites done in Delhi, Rao’s son Prabhakar told Manmohan Singh that “Delhi is his only workplace.”

But according to Sonia Gandhi’s decision, her body was sent to Hyderabad.

In Delhi, his body was not ordered to be brought to AICC building.

After this, his body was kept in the Jubilee Hall of Hyderabad. In his funeral, India’s Tenth Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was also present.

And with them were the planets minister Shivraj Patil and Bharatiya Janata Party President LK Advani and Defense Minister Pranab Mukherjee and Finance Minister P. Chidambaram and other politicians were also present.

Giving him respect, the Telangana government had also declared Telangana state celebration in 2014 on his birthday.

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